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COVID-19 Vaccine Information: Common Myths

Fact Checking COVID-19 and Vaccines

SIFT infographic from Mike Caulfield, which lays out the SIFT method: Stop, Investigate the source, Find better coverage, Trace claims, quotes and media to the original contextWhen in doubt, see if a fact-checking website can help you SIFT through the claims you're coming across online.

Coronavirus Facts/Datos Coronavirus Alliance Database from Poynter - Here is the database that gathers all of the falsehoods that have been detected by the CoronaVirusFacts/DatosCoronaVirus alliance. This database unites fact-checkers in more than 70 countries and includes articles published in at least 40 languages.

Lead Stories Coronavirus Fact Check - Lead Stories is a fact checking website that is always looking for the latest false, deceptive or inaccurate stories (or media) on the internet.  

PolitiFact's Coronavirus Page - PolitiFact is a nonpartisan fact-checking website dedicated to sorting out the truth in American politics and is run by the Poynter Institute, a nonprofit school for journalists. 


SIFT Infographic by Mike Caulfieldis licensed under CC BY 4.0.

Evaluating Information

Watch this video from the RTC Library on evaluating online information and check out the Fake News video series playlist on YouTube for more about digital disinformation. 

  • Fake News LibGuide - The RTC Library has a guide to detecting fake news, with tips, resources and books you can check out. 
  • Fake News Playlist - A video series created by RTC Librarian Di Zhang breaking down fake news and misinformation and what you can do about it. 
  • Four Moves  - A short chapter from the Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers eBook by Mike Caulfield.
  • Check, Please!  Starter Course - A 3 hour mini-course on how to use the SIFT method of evaluating information. 
  • Bad News - Explore this fun, interactive quiz that will show you exactly how bad news information gets created and circulated online. 
  • Navigating Digital Information - A Crash Course video series on understanding digital information.
  • Media Literacy Moments - Created by MediaSmarts, this podcast is a series of short media literacy conversations about tech devices, making good online choices, representations of Indigenous communities, and more. 


Vaccine Myths

From Valencia College COVID-19 Vaccine Resources and Myths:

How do I know which COVID-19 vaccine information sources are accurate?

Accurate vaccine information is critical and can help stop common myths and rumors.

It can be difficult to know which sources of information you can trust. Before considering vaccine information on the Internet, check that the information comes from a credible source and is updated on a regular basis. Learn more about finding credible vaccine information.

Bust Common Myths and Learn the Facts

Can receiving a COVID-19 vaccine cause you to be magnetic? No!

Receiving a COVID-19 vaccine will not make you magnetic

No. Receiving a COVID-19 vaccine will not make you magnetic, including at the site of vaccination which is usually your arm. COVID-19 vaccines do not contain ingredients that can produce an electromagnetic field at the site of your injection. All COVID-19 vaccines are free from metals.

Learn more about the ingredients in the COVID-19 vaccinations authorized for use in the United States.

Do any of the COVID-19 vaccines authorized for use in the United States shed or release any of their components? No!

illustration of the shedding that happens with COVID-19 vaccine

No. Vaccine shedding is the term used to describe the release or discharge of any of the vaccine components in or outside of the body. Vaccine shedding can only occur when a vaccine contains a weakened version of the virus. None of the vaccines authorized for use in the U.S. contain a live virus. mRNA and viral vector vaccines are the two types of currently authorized COVID-19 vaccines available.

Learn more about mRNA and​ viral vector COVID-19 vaccines.

Is it safe for me to get a COVID-19 vaccine if I would like to have a baby one day? Yes!

illustration of person thinking about having a baby

Yes. If you are trying to become pregnant now or want to get pregnant in the future, you may get a COVID-19 vaccine when one is available to you.

There is currently no evidence that COVID-19 vaccination causes any problems with pregnancy, including the development of the placenta. In addition, there is no evidence that female or male fertility problems are a side effect of any vaccine, including COVID-19 vaccines.

Will a COVID-19 vaccine alter my DNA? No!

illustration of DNA strand

No. COVID-19 vaccines do not change or interact with your DNA in any way. Both mRNA and viral vector COVID-19 vaccines deliver instructions (genetic material) to our cells to start building protection against the virus that causes COVID-19. However, the material never enters the nucleus of the cell, which is where our DNA is kept.

Learn more about mRNA and​ viral vector COVID-19 vaccines.

Will getting a COVID-19 vaccine cause me to test positive for COVID-19 on a viral test? No!

illustration of positive COVID-19 test results

No. None of the authorized and recommended COVID-19 vaccines cause you to test positive on viral tests, which are used to see if you have a current infection.​

If your body develops an immune response to vaccination, which is the goal, you may test positive on some antibody tests. Antibody tests indicate you had a previous infection and that you may have some level of protection against the virus.

Learn more about the possibility of COVID-19 illness after vaccination

Check Facts From the Experts

Health Experts

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